How to Build an Outdoor Table and Planter Boxes
Build a Sturdy and Stunning Outdoor Dining Table with Matching Planters constructed of Weather-resistant Cedar
Construct beautiful DIY outdoor furniture--a wooden table and planter boxes--with cedar four-by-fours, two-by-fours, and two-by-sixes. The refined design is simple yet rather elegant for a patio table and planters, despite its stout cedar construction. The table is assembled with invisible biscuit joinery and dressed with a top coat of natural-colored waterproofing that adds gloss and a long life.
Notch out Tenons on Table Legs with a Japanese Handsaw
Cut table legs. Use a combination square to transfer the thickness and width of a two-by-four table rail to the top of each four-by-four table leg to define cut lines for tenons. Cut out the tenons with a Japanese handsaw.
Pre-drill Countersunk Shank Holes and Assemble Table Rails
Cut two-by-four table rails for a frame and cross rail and pre-drill two equally-spaced countersunk shank holes through each end. Apply glue to joints, assemble and clamp the rails and then secure the joints by driving in screws.
Pre-drill Tenons on Table Legs and Attach to Rails
Bore shank holes through the two outer surfaces of the tenon on each leg. Butt the rails and tenons against each other to form a corner joint. Secure from the inside, driving screws through the tenons into the rails.
Slot Surface Planks and Assemble with Invisible Biscuit Joinery
Cut double rows of slots with a plate joiner in the ends of two-by-fours and sides of two-by-sixes for the surface planks and frame for the table top. Glue the slots, insert biscuits to join, and clamp them until dry.
Secure Cleats along the Inside of the Table Rails
Cut strips of wood to install for cleats to support the tabletop. Bore clearance holes on cleats, position, glue, and screw along inside of table frame/rails. The tabletop will be attached in a later step.
Cut Cedar Plugs with Special Bit to Fill Screw Holes
Use a power drill and plug cutter in a portable drill press to cut cedar plugs for filling screw holes. Pop out the cut plug with a chisel, apply glue, and insert while matching grain. Remove excess and sand smooth.
Finish Framing the Tabletop and Secure It to Cleats
Add two-by-six frame pieces to the long sides of the table top, securing them with biscuit joints at the ends of the short two-by-sixes. Secure tabletop to cleats with screws. Coat the table with exterior wood protector.
Assemble Frames from Two-by-twos for the Planter's Four Sides
Construct cedar frames from two-by-twos for the planter boxes' vertical sides. Apply construction adhesive. Attach tongue-and-groove cedar strips, nailing the first through its face and tongue and successive strips through the tongue only.
Attach Planter Box Sides to Legs and Attach Top Planks
Secure sides to legs with construction adhesive and screws, completing a four-sided frame open at top and bottom. Set the planter on its side, positioning top planks and driving screws from the inside through the frame to secure them.
Build a Liner and Fill with Potting Soil and Plants
Build a liner from pressure-treated plywood. Drill drain holes in the bottom and attach handles so the liner can be lifted out. Set liner in planter and cover bottom with landscape fabric. Add good quality potting mix and plants.
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