Construct a simple, modular, expandable and elegant wine rack as a home woodworking project with only a table saw and drill press. It assembles with dados/notches, so no nails, screws or glue are required. It can be disassembled as easily. Cut, stain and assemble cherry wood in a home wine storage rack that holds 15 regular-sized bottles of wine.
Cut two basic shapes from cherry wood: 3- by 24-inch cross rails to hold the bottles, themselves, and 6- by 12-inch end panels to support the cross rails. In this plan, you'll need six cross rails and six end panels.
Install a dado set on the table saw to make the dados/notches to lock the end panels and cross rails together. The dado set consists of several cutters/chippers sandwiched between two saw blades.
Add an auxiliary fence on the miter gauge and glue sandpaper on the front edge for traction. Clamp a stop block to position the end panels for identical dados. Reposition for the cross rails.
Notch dados in both ends and edges of the cross rails first and the notch the end panels--four dados in each component. Clamp the wood to the fence to your protect fingers as you cut.
Use hole saws slightly larger than the bottle bases and bottle necks, respectively, to cut troughs to hold the bottles. Install a fence to position rails for the larger holes first--then reposition for the smaller bottle necks.
Add a drum sander to the drill press to smooth the edges of each trough. Use an orbital sander to smooth the flat sides of the cross rails and end panels.
Bring out the highlights in the cherry wood by applying two generous coats of Tung oil. In a few minutes, before it dries, wipe off the excess with a clean lint-free cloth.
Engage the dados on the cross rails with those in the side panels, assembling each of the three layers of the wine rack to hold a total of 15 bottles of wine.